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暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2019年>第8期

北方冬季供暖期及其前后的室内热湿环境分析及热适应性研究*

Indoor thermal and humidity environment and thermal adaptation in different heating periods of North China

纪文杰 曹彬 朱颖心
清华大学

摘要:

通过对北方冬季学生宿舍供暖期及其前后环境参数的监测及居住者关于室内温湿度的反馈评价,分析了供暖期及其前后的室内环境参数变化情况,并对居住者的热适应性规律进行了探究。研究发现:不同供暖时期室内外温差会影响人的热感受,使人对同样的热环境有不同的评价;人体热感觉与操作温度之间的关系能够在一定程度上反映热适应性;人对湿度的差异不甚敏感,且不存在适应现象。

关键词:供暖期,热湿环境,热舒适评价,热适应,热经历,热感觉

Abstract:

Analyses the variations of indoor environmental parameters and the laws of human thermal adaptation during the heating period and before and after the heating period in winter of North China based on the measurements of environmental parameters in students dormitory and the subjective feedback evaluation of the occupants on the indoor temperature and humidity. The results show that the thermal sensation in different heating periods is influenced by the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor, which leads to different thermal evaluations for the same indoor thermal environment. The relationship between thermal sensation and operative temperature can reflect thermal adaptation to some extent. The humidity adaptation is not obvious because people are not sensitive to humidity.

Keywords:heatingperiod,thermalandhumidityenvironment,thermalcomfortevaluation,thermaladaptation,thermalexperience,thermalsensation

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