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暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2019年>第8期

《医院洁净护理与隔离单元技术标准》编制背景和任务——国标《医院洁净护理与隔离单元技术标准》编制组系列探讨问题之一

Background and tasks of Technical code on clean nursing and isolation unit: Part 1 of the series of research practice of national standard Technical code on clean nursing and isolation unit

许钟麟[1] 曹国庆[1] 张彦国[1] 张益昭[1] 潘红红[1] 沈晋明[2] 武迎宏[3]
[1]中国建筑科学研究院有限公司 [2]同济大学 [3]北京市医院感染管理质量控制和改进中心

摘要:

国外标准将重症监护病房(ICU)、易感染患者病房、空气传染病隔离病房作为医院重点用房作出规定,但国内标准只有这方面的零碎内容。国内至2009年累计血液病患者以百万计,呼吸道感染占院内感染比例高达40%,与外国以泌尿系统感染为首不同。ICU是各医院普遍设置的用房。从防护角度出发,一是正压防护患者,二是负压防护环境,故新编国家标准定名为《医院洁净护理与隔离单元技术标准》。

关键词:技术标准,重症监护病房(ICU),洁净护理,隔离,空气传染病

Abstract:

 Some foreign standards give special provisions on intensive care unit (ICU), infectious patient ward and air infectious disease isolation ward, but few provisions about this content so far in Chinese standards. However, there were millions of hematological patients until 2009 in China and more than 40% of nosocomial infections caused by respiratory tract infection. Besides, ICU is also a common set-up room in hospitals. Therefore, in consideration of hospital health protection (namely, protect patients with positive pressure and environment with negative pressure), the new national standard is named as Technical code on clean nursing and isolation unit.

Keywords:technicalcode,intensivecareunit(ICU),cleannursing,isolation,airinfectiousdisease

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