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暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2018年>第4期

北海地区农村居民人体热舒适研究

Thermal comfort of rural residents in Beihai area

庞春美 翟永超 杨 柳△ 郑武幸 刘加平
西安建筑科技大学

摘要:

以现场测试和问卷调查相结合的方式,研究了北海地区农村居民人体热反应的全年变化规律及对所处热环境的适应性。结果显示:该地区农村居民全年热中性温度为23.6 ℃,80%可接受温度范围为15.9~31.0 ℃;提高风速可显著提高热中性温度,在0~0.2,0.2~0.6,>0.6 m/s 3种风速下的热中性温度分别为22.6,23.8,25.4 ℃;湿热地区居民可接受温度范围比GB/T 50785—2012与ASHRAE 55-2013标准规定的范围宽。

关键词:湿热地区,农村住宅,热舒适,热适应,热中性温度,风速

Abstract:

Based on the field test and questionnaire survey, studies the annual variation of human thermal response and the thermal environment adaptability of rural residents in Beihai area. The results show that the annual thermal neutral temperature of the residents is 23.6 . The acceptable temperature range of 80% respondents is 15.9 to 31.0 . Increasing wind speed could significantly increase thermal neutral temperature. The thermal neutral temperature is 22.6, 23.8, 25.4 at the wind speed of 0 to 0.2 m/s, 0.2 to 0.6 m/s and more than 0.6 m/s, respectively. The acceptable temperature range for residents in hot-humid area is wider than that required by GB/T 50785—2012 and ASHRAE 55-2013.

Keywords:hot-humidarea,ruralresidence,thermalcomfort,thermaladaptation,thermalneutraltemperature,windspeed

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