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暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2018年>第2期

长江流域建筑供暖空调解决方案和相应系统重点项目研究

Solutions to heating and cooling of buildings in the Yangtze River region

执笔人: 姚润明 喻 伟 王 晗 刘 猛
重庆大学

摘要:

“长江流域建筑供暖空调解决方案和相应系统”重点项目研究目标是围绕长江流域独特的气候特征和生产生活习惯特点,结合我国能源消费总量控制和节能减排目标,提出提高建筑室内热环境的技术方案和系统,以改善民生需求。该项目要解决的3个关键技术问题为:结合不同运行模式与生产生活习惯的室内热环境营造定量需求,建立延长非供暖空调时间的热环境营造技术体系;新型、高效冷热源设备与系统性能提升技术研发;供暖空调末端性能提升关键技术研发。该项目以定量需求研究为基础,通过研究建筑本体、能源设备及末端系统的被动式和主动式有机集成路径及技术,研发关键技术与关键产品,达到实现该地区典型建筑供暖空调能耗限额的目标,通过示范工程的建设和测试评估集成式技术系统的性能。

关键词:供暖,空调,室内热环境,居住建筑,被动技术,长江流域,高效供暖空调设备

Abstract:

The national research and development (R&D) key programme titled “Solutions to heating and cooling of buildings in the Yangtze River region” aims to meet the targets of the national total energy consumption control for the carbon emission reduction and the improvement of indoor thermal environment of the region. This research will solve three key technical problems: 1) how the non-heating/non-cooling seasonal transition period can be extended through building technology system by taking into account the regional climatic characteristics and the peoples living habits? 2) how the energy system performance can be improved through technological innovation of high efficient cold and heat source equipment and systems? 3) how the indoor thermal environment can be improved through technological innovation of high performance heating/cooling terminals and distribution systems? Applying the integrated systemic approach of passive and active technologies, based on the fundamental analysis of energy demand pattern, the project focuses on the development of the technological system and applying them in demonstration buildings. A whole-year energy monitoring and measuring data will be collected to demonstrate the energy and thermal environment performance.

Keywords:heating,airconditioning,indoorthermalenvironment,residentialbuilding,passivetechnology,theYangtzeRiverregion,efficientcoldandheatsourceequipment

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