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暖通空调>期刊目次>2021年>第10期

寒冷地区不同气候类型自然通风环境的人体热适应研究

Human thermal adaptation in natural ventilation environment with different climate types in cold zone

尹佳星[1] 王昭俊[1] 苏小文[1] 杨宇鑫[1] 翟永超[2] 曹 彬[3] 端木琳[4] 连之伟[5] 张宇峰[6] 周 翔[7] 谢静超[8]
[1]哈尔滨工业大学 [1]寒地城乡人居环境科学与技术工业和信息化部重点实验室 [2] 西安建筑科技大学 [3]清华大学 [4] 大连理工大学 [5]上海交通大学 [6]华南理工大学 [7]同济大学 [8]北京工业大学

摘要:

基于全国热舒适调研数据集,研究了寒冷地区3种气候类型典型城市自然通风环境的人体热适应性,分别以西安市、大连市和吐鲁番市为温带大陆性季风气侯、温带海洋性季风气侯与温带大陆性荒漠气候的代表性城市,得到了3种气候类型的人体热中性温度和可接受温度区间。结果表明,温带海洋性季风气候居民对热环境的敏感性较弱,温带大陆性荒漠气候居民人体热中性温度与可接受温度上限均较高,这为人体对气候的适应性提供了证据。通过多元线性分析,得到了西安市、吐鲁番市夏季自然通风建筑人体热感觉的多因素预测模型。

关键词:寒冷地区,热感觉,热适应,自然通风,气候类型,热中性温度,可接受温度区间

Abstract:

 Based on the Chinese thermal comfort database, studies human thermal adaptability in natural ventilation environment in the representative cities of cold zone with three types of climates. Taking Xi’an, Dalian and Turpan as the representative cities for temperate continental monsoon climate, temperate maritime monsoon climate and temperate continental desert climate, respectively, obtains the thermal neutral temperature and acceptable temperature range for three climate types. The results show that the residents in the temperate maritime monsoon climate are less sensitive to the thermal environment. Both the thermal neutral temperature and the acceptable temperature range in the temperate continental desert climate are high, which provides an evidence for human adaptability to the climate. Through multivariate linear analysis, obtains the multi-factor predictive model of the thermal sensation of natural ventilation buildings in Xi’an and Turpan in summer and its significant influencing factors.

Keywords:coldzone,thermalsensation,thermaladaptation,naturalventilation,climatetype,thermalneutraltemperature,acceptabletemperaturerange

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